Muhammad II Al-Fatih Sang Penakluk Konstantinopel

Muhammad II Al-Fatih Sang Penakluk Konstantinopel
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# Muhammad II Al-Fatih Sang Penakluk Konstantinopel

Konstantinopel telah jatuh, penduduk kota berbondong-bondong berkumpul di Hagia Sophia, dan Sultan Muhammad II memberi perlindungan kepada semua penduduk, siapapun, baik Islam, Yahudi ataupun Kristen. Hagia Sophia pun akhirnya dijadikan masjid dan gereja-gereja lain tetap sebagaimana fungsinya bagi penganutnya.

Toleransi tetap ditegakkan, siapa pun boleh tinggal dan mencari nafkah di kota tersebut. Sultan kemudian membangun kembali kota, membangun sekolah –terutama sekolah untuk kepentingan administratif kota– secara gratis, siapa pun boleh belajar, tak ada perbedaan terhadap agama, membangun pasar, membangun perumahan, bahkan rumah diberikan gratis kepada para pendatang yang bersedia tinggal dan mencari nafkah di reruntuhan kota Byzantium tersebut.

ini ada quote dari mehmet II, yang diakui dan dipakai oleh PBB

"I, the Sultan Khan the Conqueror,

hereby declare the whole world that,

The Bosnian Franciscans granted with this sultanate firman are under my protection. And I command that:

No one shall disturb or give harm to these people and their churches! They shall live in peace in my state. These people who have become emigrants, shall have security and liberty. They may return to their monasteries which are located in the borders of my state.

No one from my empire notable, viziers, clerks or my maids will break their honour or give any harm to them!

No one shall insult, put in danger or attack these lives, properties, and churches of these people!

Also, what and those these people have brought from their own countries have the same rights...

By declaring this firman, I swear on my sword by the holy name of Allah who has created the ground and sky, Allah's prophet Mohammed, and 124.000 former prophets that; no one from my citizens will react or behave the opposite of this firman!"

Sumber : https://www.jasmerah.me

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